The Guardians of the Cedars issued the following communique:

The government did the right thing by taking the decision of delineating the borders and exchanging diplomatic relations with Syria. We consider this decision to be a bold step in the process of cementing independence and a significant precedent in the history of the successive Lebanese governments since Independence to this day. But we cannot but acknowledge the key role played by the international community in this context, through the continuous support it provides Lebanon in parallel with the continued pressures it exerts on Syria. For without the international community's role, the government would not have dared to take that decision, and perhaps would not have even considered it.

Given the utmost importance of this matter and its future repercussions on Lebanon's security, its existence and the political climate in it, we draw the attention of those concerned to the following essential points:

First , Lebanon's eastern borders with Syria have been drawn by nature since time immemorial and since the constitution of these two countries. It is sufficient to look at a geographic map of Lebanon in order to realize that the Eastern mountain chain (the Anti-Lebanon), which runs uninterrupted from the extreme North to the extreme South, and whose ends reach the vicinity of Damascus, is the natural and historic boundary between our country and Syria.

Second , the arid steppes of Al-Sham, the other name for Syria, begin at the point where the Anti-Lebanon chain ends, which means that Syria harbors only desert lands that start in Damascus and end at the borders with Jordan and Iraq to the East, while Lebanon owns all the mountainous lands on that mountain chain. Specifically, the regions of Al-Zabadani, Saydnayah and Maaloula and others are Lebanese regions par excellence, based on history, geography and geopolitics, for their inhabitants continue to practice Lebanese customs, traditions and rites, and speak the Aramaic-Syriac language to this day. In addition, they effectively contributed to enriching Lebanese culture through the ages, and they dream of re-joining their motherland Lebanon when the opportunity becomes available. However, they do not dare express this dream for fear of persecution and reprisals. For these reasons, we urge those concerned to take this extremely important matter into consideration before a final Syrian control is confirmed over these regions through a faulty and unjust delineation of the borders, and before its legitimization by the international community.

Third , regarding a prospective Syrian embassy in Beirut, as we welcome this historic step – if it were to happen – we again draw the attention of the Lebanese authorities to the need to deal with this embassy with great caution and awareness through a round-the-clock monitoring of its activities, an investigation of its staff and personnel, and a verification of the identities of people entering and exiting the embassy, as we stated in a previous communique and as we reiterate today. The fear is that Syria could convert this embassy into a legitimate center for its Intelligence Services, thus into a cesspool from which it exports terrorism and destabilizes the security and safety of the Lebanese people.

Lebanon, at your service

October 21, 2005